Elena Cruz-López is a PhD student in musicology. She graduated in 2017 from Valparaiso University where she received a Bachelor of Arts in Music for violin performance. In 2016, she presented her project on rock and roll’s influence in politics and society by analyzing a number of songs from the 1950s and 1960s at the Valparaiso University’s Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression. As part of her senior lecture-recital, she presented her research on Samuel Barber’s Concerto for Violin and Orchestra, Op. 14, focusing on Barber’s American and European influences. Her current research focuses on the music of girl groups and how the music shaped girl culture in the 20th century. Some of her other research interests include popular music in the 20th and 21st century and women in music.