Anna Gawboy’s work explores the intersection of music theory, cultural history and multimedia, with a special focus on visualized music. In 2010 she collaborated with lighting designer Justin Townsend to create a reconstruction of Alexander Scriabin's color symphony Prometheus, Poem of Fire, which was later adapted for performance by the Cape Cod Symphony Orchestra (2012) and the Utah State Symphony Orchestra (2013). In 2015, Dr. Gawboy joined an international team of artists and musicians to create Scriabin in the Himalayas, a multimedia tribute held at Thikse Monastery in Ladakh, India in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the composer's death. In 2018, Dr. Gawboy collaborated with Alex Oliszewski of Theatre and the Advanced Center for Computing and Design to create a live multimedia accompaniment to a performance of Carl Orff’s Carmina Burana at Ohio State.
Gawboy has published articles in a variety of journals, including Journal of Music Theory, Music Theory Online, Papers of the International Concertina Association, and the Journal of Musicological Research. She is the author of nearly 200 pedagogical videos in music theory, including tutorials accompanying A Concise Introduction to Tonal Harmony by Joe Straus and Poundie Burstein. She was a co-founding associate editor of SMT-V, the first videocast journal in music, as well as co-founding editor of Engaging Students: Essays in Music Pedagogy.